In the end, it produces fundamental decisions and actions that shape and guide what an organization is, who it serves, what it does and why. An important advantage of the strategic planning process is that it involves all stakeholders, is highly visual and it can be done quickly. Reflect on the community and broader environment in which your organization operates to identify the opportunities and threats that it faces. Strategic planning process map federal geographic data. Flowchart of the strategic procurement planning process 4 4. Strategic procurement planning in the adb procurement cycle 2 2. Strategic planning assumes that certain aspects of the future can be created or influenced by the organization. This article aims to analyze the relationship between the strategic planning process and organizational structure in the reality of a complex organization. These steps are a recom mendation, but they are not the only recipe for cooking up a strategic plan. The process requires that you look at where the organization is now, where its vision.
Once the board has decided to embark on the planning process, it should ask the director to submit a report that will answer these basic questions and ensure. Office of information technology strategic planning process. Thinking and planning strategically at the personal level requires similar inputs, questions, and approach, and develops your capacity to participate in planning efforts for teams and higherlevel entities. The plan failed, not because we failed to plan but we failed to. Strategic planning has also been designed to compliment other chapters of this guide. A strategic planning process for public and nonprofit. Graduates from ollus mba program will know how to develop strategic plans and how to enact them in a number of different. Strategic planning is essential for plotting the future of your businessbut the process can sometimes seem lengthy and complicated. Strategic planning process kingsborough community college. It should be done prior to, during the creation of the strategic plan, continue on through the implementation, and in the monitoring process of the strategic plan. In order to ensure that annual priorities are integral to the strategic planning process, each planning committee will consider the strategic directions and other inputs such as the cuny and kcc goals and targets set through the. Begin your strategic planning by agreeing on the following. Community planning schools have prepared planning staffs with models of social planning and.
Office of information technology strategic planning process june 2012 page 5 information technology. Strategic planning is a process in which a school or an organization gathers to discuss the schools current situation, its problems, and downfalls and after discussing these things, would plan out a strategy on how to improve not only in the quality of education but also its facilities. Be sure to allocate sufficient staff time to the strategic planning process. How to do strategic planning every organisation is different. Our approach is fundamentally different from that of any other firm because it is built. Describe the strategic planning process and swot analysis. It provides a basis for monitoring progress and for results. Strategic planning process requires a wellstructured plan for how to optimally allocate time, human capital and financial resources.
Strategic planning strategic planning is a disciplined effort. By following a strategic planning process, organizations can improve outcomes for their business and avoid taking on unexpected risks due to lack of foresight and futuristic approach. Strategic planning should not be confused with other planning processes such as business plan ning, program planning or community plan ning, also referred to as neighborhood planning. Strategic plan guidelines that provides a structure for mapping a clear path from present conditions to a vision for the future into a plan document. Even planning processes that have been moderately successful should be enhanced, he advised. Preparing a long, ambitious, 5 year plan that sits on a shelf finding a balance between process and a final product communicating and executing the plan lack of alignment between mission, action, and finances. Strategic planning is a crucial part of any businesss future. Strategic planning management systems has developed a unique, proven methodology for strategic planning that has been used by hundreds of organizations to grow successfully and profitably over the long term. Policy statement the chignectocentral regional school board believes that longrange strategic. If strategic planning seems appropriate, consider what procedures or steps can be used to establish and implement a strategic plan. Pdf strategic management and strategic planning process. The pathway to nc states future this summer, the office of information technology oit and members of the newly developed it governance structure will launch the final stage of a threephase strategic planning process to provide a.
Bryson university of minnesota th e future of public and nonpro. First, examine factors outside of the company that can affect your companys performance. A library boards practical guide to strategic planning. Purpose this policy outlines responsibilities and the process to be followed when developing, implementing, and monitoring the governing boards strategic plan. These intangible factors play a major role in the success of the budget process. Dont let your team come up with a brittleand ultimately unimplementablehodgepodge of. In addition, the annual action planning process ensures we advance institutional effectiveness in alignment with the colleges strategic aims and objectives. Strategic management process meaning, its steps and. Although closely related, strategic planning focuses on establishing your organizational. The next step in the process of instruction is the theoretical outline of the topic which the students are learning. Preparation steps to get the most out of the strategic planning process a solid strategic plan can provide a road map for the organizations future. Strategic planning strategic planning toolkit by janet shapiro email. Strategic planning process 10 effective steps for strategic.
A simplified view of the strategic planning process is shown by the following diagram. Bryson a pragmatic approach to strategic planning is presented for use. The key steps for and timing of the biennial budgeting process are found in the. I have been involved in strategic planning processes that have lasted between three hours to others that have taken more than 12 months. Shares an organizations vision with a large internal and external audience. The sequence of the basic steps involved in the strategic planning process is shown below. Strategic planning is a process by which an organization develops a longterm vision and a plan to implement it.
Planning is the systematic process of establishing a need and then working out the best way. Your strategic planning process needs an intervention even after investing several months in a strategic planning process, many managers are left with an uneasy feeling that they havent resolved some of the bigger issues facing the business. Strategic planning tenstep guide the importance of planning planning is a critical component of good business and good management of business. Carefully planned project takes into account necessary aspects of a project e. The strategic development process is defined here to embrace the management processes that inform, shape and support the strategic decisions confronting an. The basics of project planning introduction before commencement of any project, the first thing that we need to do is project planning. There are five fundamental steps in the planning process. Strategic planning process map that divides the process of creating the. Introduction to strategic planning replaces developing a strategic business plan. Strategic planning edinburgh business school v using the course package it is widely accepted that strategic planning is extremely difficult to teach effectively.
Strategic planning processes for information technology. Haydamack introduction intels information technology organization recently developed and implemented a new strategic planning process to support a common vision and direction across the organization, and to improve alignment with the business units it enables. Committing ourselves to the planning process is different than committing ourselves to a plan. Cope and carl moore, describe the combination of nominal group and delphi processes. The book is the result of a fundamental revision and reformulation of the book processbased strategic planning see gru. Other strategic plans may need to be developed outside the. The chapter briefly defines strategic planning and outlines some benefits that can be gained from the process and its product. The ones best suited to organize strategic planning process are business school graduates. Whether you are opening a new business or finishing an already existing one, a strategic plan is essential. The strategic management process is about getting from point a to point b more effectively, efficiently, and enjoying the journey and learning. Understand grand strategies for domestic and international operations define corporatelevel strategies and explain the. Factors that influence effective strategic planning. The key of the planning session is that it forces all the participants to focus on what will have a real strategic impact on the movement. Models for successful strategic planning abound and often present the process as linear and straightforward.
Review your organizations strengths and weaknesses. Strategic planning process is a systematic or emerged way of performing strategic planning in the organization through initial assessment, thorough analysis, strategy formulation, its implementation and evaluation. Local government management guide strategic planning. Strategic planning is a process of looking into the future and identifying trends and issues against which to align organizational priorities of the department or office. The goal of the strategic planning committee is to ensure the integration of our overall strategic planning efforts with annual action planning, capital request processes and assessment. This chapter on the strategic management and strategic planning process provide an insight on the basic knowledge on what is strategy and strategic management. To assist you throughout your planning process, we have created a howto guide on the basics of strategic planning which will take you through the planning process stepbystep and keep you on track. Coming up with a strategic plan can be detailed and exhausting work, but thanks to preexisting strategic planning process templates download free plan templates online or elsewhere, you can set up your strategic planning process much more easily and smoothly. This mismatch between current planning processes and the emerging strategic environmentsuch as the slow response to changing conditions in europe, with potentially very large implications for. Their finely tuned coursework will help them develop the skills needed to succeed.
Within the departments and offices, it means aligning a division, section, unit or team to a higherlevel strategy. It is therefore arrogant and unrealistic to say, this is how to do strategic planning in every situation. Strategic planning is a disciplined effort to produce fundamental decisions and actions that shape and guide what an organization is, what it does, and why it does it, with a focus on the future. Blebecq, et al, and guide for leaders using nominal group technique by james g. But without the right input and preparation, an organization can end up with just another expensive binder of good ideas gathering dust on the shelf. Some considerations for an external influences analysis 8 6. The below 8 steps give you an overall view of the general actions that should be followed when putting together any strategic plan. In addition, strategic planning does the following. Strategic planning is a relatively new genre of planning, adapted from primarily two sources. Strategic planning should not be confused with other planning. Before the planning process even begins, there will questions about the process, the timeline for planning, any costs associated with it, and knowing the extent of trustee involvement.
Instead, he used one presented in an unpublished paper by harvard colleague kenneth r. This is because, at the mba level, it is not sufficient to know about the subject it is necessary to be able to apply ideas in order to carry out strategic analysis of real problems. The process of gathering data in strategic planning abstract a major part in strategic planning is the process of gathering data. Formal planning processes were identified by searching for evidence of traditional strategic planning process components commonly cited in strategic planning literature goal setting, environmental scanning, employee participation, and plan implementation tactics. Strategic planning processes and mechanisms the publications a guide to nominal group and delphi processes by andre l. The firm must engage in strategic planning that clearly defines objectives and assesses both the internal and external situation to formulate strategy, implement the strategy, evaluate the progress, and make adjustments as necessary to stay on track. It goes on to provide indepth guidance on the steps involved as outlined in the box below. Strategic planning processes for information technology craig d. The foundations for planning your church planting experience will be greatly enhanced through a prayerful development of a strategic church planting plan. Anthony, author of planning and control systems 1965, one of the books that laid the foundation for strategic planning, didnt give his own definition of strategy. For example, if you still need to work out your vision statement, it may be wise to begin with the vrio framework and then move to something like the balanced scorecard to track and manage your ongoing strategy.
Strategic planning in universities is frequently positioned as vital for clarifying future directions, providing a coherent basis for decisionmaking, establishing priorities, and improving organizational performance. The process requires you to analyze both the internal and external environment of the organization. Regardless of how much effort and thought goes into improving the budget process, it will not succeed without teamwork, which involves factors that are difficult to measure or quantify. With a focus on the future, effective strategic planning also articulates how an organization will know if it is successful. Strategic planning in an educational development centre.
Overview of planning toolkit on overview of planning by janet shapiro email. It may be necessary to reduce the regular workloads or responsibilities of staff members who are expected to play a key role in developing the strategic plan. Pdf the strategy planning process becky agwanda academia. The strategic planning process begins with an assessment of the current economic situation. The process of gathering data in strategic planning. It covers planning to do strategic planning, covering the background issues that need to inform. Fred mugambi mwirigi, 1,2jomo kenyatta university of agriculture and technology. The general objective of this study was to identify factors that influence effective strategic planning. The process requires you to analyze both the internal and external environment of. For example, financial condition discusses capital planning, another type of longrange.
Establish a culture that reminds that this type of strategic planning process model is never finished, and updated always. Data can be secondary or primary data and gathered. The 4 steps of strategic planning process ollu online. Strategic procurement planning strategic approach 3 3. The three steps of the strategic planning process bdc. Oct 28, 2015 talk about what processes are needed to arrive at vision and what will be done now to the organizations processes. Factors that influence effective strategic planning process in organizations job kipkemboi kiptoo, dr. Original issue date august 2002 issue date may 2003. Therefore, it must be realized that each component interacts with the other components. We recommend determining which of these strategic planning models applies most to your organizations way of thinking. This simple infographic clearly sets out the different stages of the strategic planning process, explaining objectives and targets at each step. At the individual level, it is useful to adapt strategic planning tools and technique to ones own job and position.
Pdf this chapter on the strategic management and strategic planning process provide an insight on the basic knowledge on what is strategy and. The chart above suggests a flow of the ideas and process for a focused strategic plan. Business schools have equipped leaders with institutional planning processes, which were developed from decision making and production control. Your strategic planning process needs an intervention. Any reasonable project manager certainly understands importance of planning a project well.714 175 165 1252 706 95 628 744 367 1253 1078 119 363 1414 562 1245 1467 112 205 50 858 1053 335 517 264 664 227 1003 8 584 1247 90 503 1335 1441 1459 754 1479 686 240 950